Animals Farmed: salmon farm illness, hen tariffs in Africa and the return of China’s wildlife farms | Surroundings

Animals Farmed: salmon farm illness, hen tariffs in Africa and the return of China’s wildlife farms | Surroundings

Information from around the globe

Rising illness prices and slowing progress charges are threatening the way forward for the billion-dollar farmed salmon business. A brand new research has estimated that illness and lice administration represented virtually one-third of manufacturing prices per kilogram of farmed Norwegian salmon in 2020.

Greater than 1,000,000 individuals in Spain are consuming water contaminated by nitrates, in keeping with a report by the NGO Ecologistas en Acción, which blames the contamination on intensive livestock farms and the usage of slurry waste from these farms, in addition to fertilisers in irrigated agriculture.

Ghanaian farmers have known as for import tariffs on chickens, to encourage native manufacturing and discourage individuals from importing poultry merchandise. Victor Oppon Ajay of the Ghana Nationwide Poultry Farmers Affiliation (GNP-FA) mentioned it might embody frozen merchandise.

Israeli researchers say they’ve developed gene-edited hens that lay eggs from which solely feminine chicks hatch. This might forestall the slaughter of billions of male chickens every year, that are culled as a result of they don’t lay eggs. Final 12 months, we reported that UK retailers have been allegedly blocking strikes to finish the killing of hundreds of thousands of day-old male chicks every year.

French farmers have taken the unprecedented step of utilizing feminine geese and geese to supply foie gras, after shortages when hundreds of thousands of birds have been culled as a result of chook flu epidemic. In the meantime, the Flemish area of Belgium, Flanders, closed its final website force-feeding animals to supply foie gras at the beginning of 2023.

Animals Farmed: salmon farm illness, hen tariffs in Africa and the return of China’s wildlife farms | Surroundings
Fowl flu has brought about farmers in France to make use of feminine geese and geese to supply foie gras, normally solely produced utilizing male birds (pictured right here on a farm in 2014). {Photograph}: Prezat Denis/Acaca/Rex/Shutterstock

A ban on the usage of battery cages in New Zealand has sparked egg shortages and hovering curiosity in poultry. The cages have been outlawed from 1 January after a authorities dedication to ban them in 2012, when 86% of layer hens have been battery-farmed. By December 2022, that quantity had fallen to 10%.

UK information

Eggs laid by hens saved in barns for months on finish may very well be classed as free vary below modifications being thought-about by the federal government to maintain farmers aggressive with Europe. As beforehand reported by Animals Farmed, ministers are contemplating tearing up free-range egg guidelines.

The UK’s poultry flock has been the toughest hit in Europe by chook flu, when it comes to the variety of instances on farms and the variety of birds culled through the autumn. There have been 398 outbreaks in home poultry throughout Europe, with 115 occurring within the UK. In the meantime, within the US the virus has led to the deaths of some 52.7 million birds.

The previous director of a free-range egg firm was jailed for 2 years and three months for animal welfare and hygiene offences, which led to the deaths of roughly 2,000 hens. Peter Armitage owned Caithness Free Vary Eggs and was additionally banned from protecting animals for 15 years.

Livestock farms in England polluted rivers 300 instances final 12 months, inflicting 20 main incidents, in keeping with the newest authorities figures. But solely six farms have been prosecuted in 2021, with the Surroundings Company giving out warning letters as an alternative. It comes after authorities efforts have been labelled an “abject failure” when two-thirds of farms in Devon have been discovered to be inflicting air pollution.

The UK meat business has reacted with anger after the Nationwide Meals Crime Unit refused to research adulteration of poultry feed in Poland. The Affiliation of Unbiased Meat Suppliers feared poultry reared on feed adulterated with “technical fat” or lubricant, would make its option to the UK market.

From the Animals Farmed sequence

Greater than 140 million birds have died and tons of of hundreds of thousands of kilos have been spent up to now 12 months within the US, UK and EU in tackling chook flu. With a global settlement on the usage of vaccinations more likely to be one or two years away, the scenario will most likely worsen this winter as outbreaks of the illness proceed to rise.

Bamboo rats in a cage
Bamboo rats, similar to this one on a farm in Congjiang county, Guizhou province in China are primarily farmed for his or her meat. {Photograph}: Hap/Quirky China Information/Rex/Shutterstock

China seems to be weakening its post-Covid restrictions on the farming of wildlife similar to porcupines, civets and bamboo rats, which consultants say raises a brand new danger to public well being and biodiversity.

A courtroom in Spain has acquitted a supervisor accused of sexual advances and utilizing the specter of dismissal to demand intercourse, in a blow to a landmark authorized problem that sought to forged a highlight on sexual abuse within the nation’s meat processing business. The behaviour was alleged to have taken place at an abattoir north of Barcelona.

A groundbreaking EU deal to ban the import of products linked to deforestation has set a worldwide benchmark and can hasten the passage of an identical regulation within the US, American lawmakers have mentioned. A soccer pitch-sized tract of forest is misplaced each second someplace around the globe, principally to agricultural enlargement.

Lastly, Vasilis Tsiolis has photographed the lifetime of the Vlach herders in Greece and the Balkans, as they transfer livestock to excessive mountain pastures for the summer season months. And, in Cumbria, Amy Bateman’s images of livestock farmers captured rural life through the Covid-lockdown.

Share your tales and suggestions

Thanks to everybody who continues to get in contact to share their ideas on the sequence.

Lynne Manning wrote to us about China’s 26-storey pig farm:

It’s so fallacious of people to have the ability to do that. How can this be authorized? That constructing and the property surrounding it are like a focus camp for animals. The consolation and security of those animals is nonexistent in this sort of overcrowded and filthy constructing, with detached people creating absolutely the worst situations for animals, and turning reside, sentient beings into bacon.

Martin Monks responded to the function about Greece’s nomadic herders to say:

Fascinating. However the Vlachs are usually not simply Greek. Their language and tradition was discovered all around the Balkans, and till fashionable instances they roamed by way of Greece, Bulgaria and Romania with out hindrance – it was, in any case, all Ottoman land till the nineteenth century. The origin of the Vlach language is disputed however appears to derive from Latin by way of Romanian. Unhappy if that has been misplaced in favour of the nationwide languages.

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